We all want to have clearer and healthier skin, and it helps to know the types of acne and blemishes that we are dealing with. Every kind of these skin problems needs different treatments.
So, what are blemishes?
Let us examine the different acne blemishes, how they look like, and how to deal with them.
These blemishes can be blackheads and whiteheads, and they develop when pores become clogged with bacteria, excess oil, and dead skin cells. If our skin pores clogged, we will notice a small bump that appears like white or flesh-colored. We call these as whiteheads.
Blackheads or dark spots and pimples occur when skin pores are filled with debris but remains open; then you will see a blackhead. The black dots are not dirt, so avoid scrubbing because it will only worsen your acne.
How do we treat whiteheads and blackheads?
To unclog pores, licensed dermatologists recommend using a retinoid. You can get one retinoid, adapalene even without a prescription. Benzoyl peroxide wash can also help unclog pores and remove excess P.acnes bacteria on your skin.
How about those stubborn whiteheads and blackheads?
You can give them treatment from six to eight weeks to work. If you still observe blemishes, we recommend seeing your dermatologist. They may recommend some procedure like comedo – a medical word for blackheads and whiteheads – extraction may help. Prescription-strength acne treatment is another alternative.
What about the early pimples?
When excess oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells go deeper into your skin resulting in inflammation, characterized by redness and swelling, you will observe small, red bumps. In the medical world, they call this type of acne blemish as papule. They feel hard, and if you have plenty of them, that area may feel like sandpaper.
How do we deal and treat papules?
Try washing your face twice every day with an acne face wash that contains benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. But if you plenty, as in lots of papules, we recommend seeing a dermatologist.
What do call these pus-filled pimples?
The medical word for the type of acne blemish – pus-filled pimples – is pustule. They are similar to papules but contain yellowish fluid. You will usually see a yellow- or white-colored center.
How do we deal with pustules?
In treating these pustules, wash your face with an acne product with benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. Avoid popping these pustules because popping them can worsen this type of acne. If there are still no results within six to eight weeks of treatment, see your dermatologist.
What are acne nodules and cysts?
These are acne blemishes that penetrate deep into the skin and usually result in permanent acne scars when they heal. If you have acne that looks like these, you will need a dermatologist to help you treat them. The sooner and earlier that you start the treatment, the fewer permanent acne scars you will have.
Do not feel discouraged even if your acne treatment takes longer time. Believe that it will work. There is always effective acne treatment available. Do not hesitate to ask your dermatologist for help.